On 6 June 2011, the United
Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP) were unanimously
endorsed by the United Nations Human Rights Council, of which Indonesia was a
non-permanent member at the time. Since
then, UNGP have become an internationally recognized standard on business and human
rights for both countries and companies. Under the UNGP, states are obliged to afford
protection from human rights violations committed by third parties, including
companies, while companies have responsibilities to respect human rights, which
means to avoid infringing on the rights of others and address adverse impacts
with which they may have been involved.
As a form of commitment to
encourage Indonesian companies to fulfill their responsibilities in respecting
human rights, FIHRRST has begun a study to assess their understanding of the
responsibility to respect human rights relating to their business activities.
This study assesses 100 companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX)
that were included in the KOMPAS 100 index for the period February to July 2018.
As a prelude to the study,
FIHRRST held a seminar on Human Rights Respect Rating Study in 100 Public
Companies in Indonesia on 17 January 2019 at Sari Pacific Jakarta, to which
were invited representatives of the 100 public companies, the financial services
authority (OJK), government ministries and civil society organizations.
The Chair of FIHRRST, Marzuki
Darusman explained that the study is being conducted to show the extent to
which companies operating in Indonesia enforce human rights protection in their
"Implementing respect for
human rights will be an advantage for the companies, as it will increase their
competitiveness, both in national and international markets," he declared,
going on to suggest that the continuous participation of the Indonesian
delegation in UN forums related to business and human rights is indicative of
the nation’s commitment to the overall advancement of business and human rights
"It is hoped that Indonesia
can pioneer the establishment of a national task force in an effort to
accelerate the promotion of business and human rights in Indonesia," he suggested.
Chairperson of the National Human
Rights Commission (Komnas HAM), Ahmad Taufan Damanik added that the initiatives
carried out by civil society organizations have often become the basis for opening
up the promotion of business and human rights enforcement in Indonesia,
stressing that the state must recognize the important role that civil society
organizations play in promoting this issue. He also expressed hopes that the government
can provide a wider role and responsibility for civil society organizations to
carry out business and human rights mainstreaming.
Prabianto Mukti Wibowo, National
Contact Point for Indonesian Business and Human Rights revealed, "There
has been reasonable dissemination of the principles of the United Nations
Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in Indonesia, but it has not as
yet had a marked effect on our business sector. Meanwhile, the development of
human rights issues internationally has entered the global supply chain. Expectations
therefore are that the results of this study can be adopted and implemented in
the form of standard norms, both as a National Action Plan standard or compliance