In order to
increase the role of the Indonesian health industry in respecting human rights,
Ministry of Health carried out a "Seminar: Business Forum and Human Rights
in the Health Sector 2018" on November 15, 2018, and a High Level Focus
Group Discussion (HL-FGD) on April 23, 2019. The seminar and HL-FGD discussed
the development of policies and programs to respect and protect human rights in
the health industry. The results of the Seminar and HL-FGD agreed that the
health industry is closely related to the issue of human rights, particularly to
certain group of people that are prone to have their rights violated.
November 2019, Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the Foundation for
International Human Rights Reporting Standards (FIHRRST), held a two-day event
that aimed to increase the knowledge and understanding of the business
stakeholders in the health industry on business and human rights and to share
best practices on how to respect for human rights is implemented in companies
in the health sector.
The event was
attended by, among others, Special Committee for Integrity Entrepreneurs of KADIN
Susi Rai Azizi, Director of Human Rights Information of Ministry of Law and Human
Rights Salahudin, FIHRRST Chair Marzuki Darusman, Secretary General of the
Ministry of Health Oscar Primadi, President Director of Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo
National Central General Hospital (RSCM) Dr. Lies Dina Liastuti and other
participants from the hospitals and Indonesian pharmacy companies.
On the first day
(21 November 2019), the first session was led by FIHRRST Operations Director
Bahtiar Manurung. The theme of the first session was the history of Business
and Human rights and
the UNGP, the importance and application of UNGP in national and global level,
and the relation between the UNGP and health Industry. The training then continued
with group discussion to identify the human rights impacts of hospital and
pharmaceutical companies’ operation. Subsequently, a
further explanation about the human rights principles and its relationship with
the health industry were explained by Yudha Estiono and Satriyo Giri of
Day 1 closed with a presentation from RSCM
President Director on human rights implementation in RSCM.
The training material can be accessed at bit.ly/pelatihanbisnisdanhamkemenkes
On the second
day (22 November 2019) of the event, participants had the opportunity to RSCM,
which also serves as an educational institution for Faculty of Medicine, University
of Indonesia, RSCM providing primary, secondary and tertiary care. RSCM is a
national referral center for government hospitals and is a place for general
practitioners, specialist doctors and subspecialists, nurses and other health
workers. Hence, the hospital is being considered as the ideal institution to
start the implementation of human rights principles in the health industry in
The training started with a discussion with the
RSCM‘s managements, doctors and other medical personnel. Following the
discussion, participants which were divided into groups observed the human
rights risks and impacts that might arise in the hospital units and facilities
among others include emergency unit, intensive care unit, hemodialysis unit and
patient service unit.
After completing the observation, the groups’
leader presented the result of their observation.
Responding to the results of the observation,
the hospital management suggested that, instead of developing a brand-new
business and human rights standard for hospital, it is better to include criteria
for respect for human rights in the existing hospital accreditation standards such
as the standard published by Komite Akreditasi Rumah Sakit (KARS) and recognized
by the Ministry of Health.
event was closed with the hope that there will be a more identified strategic
issues and instruments to develop policies in order to fulfill, protect and
respect human rights in the health industry in Indonesia.
day of the event (21 November 2019) at Morrissey Hotel, Jakarta
left to right: Director of Human Rights Information of Ministry of Law and
Human Rights Salahudin, Representative of RSCM Hervita Diatri, Special
Committee for Integrity Entrepreneurs of KADIN Susi Rai Azizi, Secretary
General of the Ministry of Health Oscar Primadi, Chair of FIHRRST Marzuki
Darusman, Head of Bureau of International Cooperation of Ministry of Health